Scar Science

Using proven ingredients, ScarStick™ encourages proper collagen formation during the final phases of the scar formation process. The final phase of healing determines how your scar will ultimately appear.

Wound healing occurs in four distinct phases, with the entire process lasting up to a year or more, depending upon the severity of the scar. In general, unless treated through surgery or with a treatment like ScarStick™, your scar will not change appearance much after one to two years. The severity of your scar is dependent upon a host of genetic and environmental factors.

The four distinct phases of scar formation include:

Phase One: Hemostasis

Immediately after a burn, surgery, or accident, the hemostatic phase begins, unless you have a blood clotting disorder. For several hours, your body will constrict its blood vessels in the wounded area in order to prevent uncontrolled bleeding. Platelets in the area activate thromboplastin to stimulate clotting, which in turn activates the formation of fibrin. For proper scar formation, the wound must be kept clean and free of debris from this point on.

Phase Two: Inflammation

During the inflammatory period, you’ll notice swelling, warmth, and pain. Your immune system responds by releasing macrophages and leukocytes to destroy bacteria in order to prevent infection. This phase last for up to 96 hours, during which time redness will be visible in the area, indicating that white blood cells are present and active. Open wounds take longer to heal, which contributes to more noticeable scarring.

Phase Three: Proliferation

Immediately after the inflammatory phase is over, your body begins to fill the wound to form a scab over the open area. Cross-linkage of collagen fibers helps ensure strong new capillary beds. This phase lasts for about 21 days, though the duration depends upon the size of the wound. During this three-week period, important work is occurring beneath the surface, including:

  • Granulation: Fibroblasts make collagen to fill the damaged area, and new capillaries are produced.
  • Contraction: The wound binds together using fibroblasts to reduce the wound’s size.
  • Epithelialization: A protective layer of skin covers the wound, and cells travel up to 3 cm in all directions. In a first-degree burn, epithelialization starts from the basement membrane; if no basement membrane is present, then the fibroblasts heal the area from the edges of the wound.

Once collagen production and breakdown have become equal, the proliferation phase is over and the skin attempts to normalize during the final phase.

Phase Four: Maturation

During the final maturation phase of scar formation, your collagen begins to reorganize as soon as the wound has closed and the scab has begun to flake off. This reorganization process may last for 12 months or more, during which time new collagen forms to increases the overall tensile strength of the area. Fibroblasts help remodel the area to make it stronger, and as this stage progresses, your scar flattens.

How long the maturation stage lasts depends upon whether the wound was closed or left open. The scar becomes less red as blood vessels are removed from the area through apoptosis. The final scar is about 70 percent as strong as normal skin.

If a keloid or other raised scar develops, it’s because exaggerated healing is taking place during this phase. An overabundance of collagen leads to an excess amount of scar tissue. Raised scars are particularly common in areas of motion, such as the chest and shoulder. If your wound was infected, a more disfiguring mark is the end result.

This final stage represents the best time to use ScarStick™, because you can effectively redirect and reshape your scar’s final appearance.

Your Secret Weapon: The ScarStick™

ScarStick™ helps create the ideal environment for proper scar formation once the wound has closed. Using proven ingredients, scars flatten and improve in appearance, blending with the surrounding skin. Whether you have a raised scar, burn mark, or post-surgical scar, ScarStick™ uniquely addresses the collagen rebuilding process of the damaged area.

How does ScarStick™ work? One of the ingredients, silicone, has been used for years by plastic surgeons to improve the appearance of scars during the maturation phase of scar formation. Silicone technology helps old scars become a more natural color and texture, and helps new scars from becoming raised and discolored. The silicone acts to help the collagen fibers align better, possibly due to static electricity.

Whether your scar is new or old, ScarStick™ can improve the appearance, as ingredients like Vitamin E help provide a moist environment that promotes healing. Another ingredient, hydrocortisone, acts to reduce inflammation. By reducing swelling in the area, your scar will maintain a smoother, flatter appearance. All of the ingredients in ScarStick™ act in tandem to reduce discoloration and the raised appearance associated with disfiguring scars.